**Using Nested If Statements. **

A reader asked me to explain logic behind the formula used in my Holiday Email post. That solution involved using multiple IF functions as arguments within another IF function, technique also known as **nested ** IF logic. I find that the best way to use nested if functionality is through using decision trees AND Excel’s VBA syntax. Charting a decision tree will help us better understand the task at hand, and putting various conditions and the ways to handle them in writing, will prepare us to enter necessary formula in Excel.

Let’s suppose that we need to implement the following logic with 4 possible scenarios. If the value of cell 1 is string “Case 1” AND cell 2 is string “Case 2”, we need the output to be **4**. If cell 1 equals “Case 1”, but cell 2 does NOT equal “Case 2”, we need the output to be **3**. If cell 1 does NOT equal “Case 1” , but cell 2 equals “Case 2”, the output should be **2**. Finally, if cell 1 does not equal “Case 1”, NOR cell 2 equals “Case 2”, the output is **1**. Hopefully, using the decision tree below makes it easier to conceptualize these scenarios.

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